why are wetlands so productive

Nature Communications (2020). Another big reason wetlands are important is that they are one of the most productive ecosystems on the planet. This provides a traits-based explanation for observations that wetlands have high herbivory rates and generally high productivity, both of which are stimulated by fast-return strategies.’, Yingji Pan et al. Depending on the type of wetland, it may be filled mostly with trees, grasses, shrubs or moss. "Wetlands are incredibly important from a biological perspective," he said. Here’s one of the … storing carbon. They provide great volumes of food that attract many animal species. Wetlands function as natural sponges that trap and slowly release surface water, rain, snowmelt, groundwater and flood waters. WHY ARE WETLANDS SO IMPORTANT? Wetlands are important because they: improve water quality provide wildlife habitat maintain ecosystem productivity reduce coastal storm damage provide recreational opportunities improve the water supply provide opportunities for education Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, comparable to rain forests and coral reefs. Why are wetlands important to people? Managing wetlands is a global challenge and the Convention presently counts 171 countries as Contracting Parties, which recognize the value of having one international treaty dedicated to a single ecosystem.. An immense variety of species of microbes, plants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals can be part of a wetland ecosystem. Environmental scientists in Leiden have found that the so-called leaf economics spectrum for plants can not only be applied to terrestrial ecosystems, such as forests and grasslands, but also to wetlands. A study by the Pew Center on Global Climate Change found that as air temperatures rise, so do water temperatures. The value of wetlands. In the Southeast for example, 96% of the commercial catch and over 50% of the recreational harvest of fish The holding capacity of wetlands helps control floods and prevents water logging of crops. This isn't 100% though because wetlands get most of their nutrients from recycling rather than from the outside. For others, such as striped bass, peregrine falcon, otter, black bear, raccoon and deer, wetlands provide important food, water or shelter. Because wetlands are so productive and because they greatly influence the flow and quality of water, they are valuable to us. First author of the study Yingji Pan: ‘However, people know little about whether and how the leaf economics spectrum also exists within wetland plants on a global scale. Because wetlands are so productive and because they greatly influence the flow and quality of water, they are valuable to us. Wetlands tend to flow or are open to rivers/lakes. Estuarine and marine fish and shellfish, various birds and certain mammals must have coastal wetlands to survive. New curriculum and campus to improve Civil Service skills and expertise. Wetlands are important features in the landscape that provide numerous beneficial services for people and for fish and wildlife. This combined water storage an braking action lowers flood heights and reduces erosion. An official website of the United States government. Biological productivity and nutrient recycling – wetlands are highly productive ecosystems as they recycle the nutrients captured as water flows through. Why Preserving Our Wetlands is so Important World Wetlands Day took place on the 2 nd of February. Indeed, an international agreement to protect wetlands of international importance was developed because some species of migratory birds are completely dependent on certain wetlands and would become extinct if those wetlands were destroyed. For many animals and plants such as wood ducks, muskrat, cattails and swamp rose, inland wetlands are the only places they can live. Wetlands produce a number of commercially important products. Bryce Benda. The ability of wetlands to control erosion is so valuable that some states are restoring wetlands in coastal areas to buffer the storm surges from hurricanes and tropical storms. Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, comparable to rain forests and coral reefs. The Letsolo team would like to take the opportunity to educate the community regarding why it’s so important for us to protect these wetlands – and how exactly to go about it. They perform environmental functions, including: helping to reduce the impacts from storm damage and flooding. Water quality improvement – as water passes through a wetland it slows down, allowing nutrients and sediments to settle, thus improving water quality downstream. Global warming is also a threat to wetlands. The combination of shallow water, high levels of nutrients and primary productivity is ideal for the development of organisms that form the base of the food web and feed many species of fish, amphibians, shellfish and insects. Now they store only 12 days because most have been filled or drained. These plants, therefore, occupy the fast-return end of the spectrum. They are among the world’s most productive environments; cradles of biological diversity that provide the water and productivity upon which countless species of plants and animals depend for survival. Wetlands within and downstream of urban areas are particularly valuable, counteracting the greatly increased rate and volume of surface- water runoff from pavement and buildings. Preserving and restoring wetlands together with other water retention can often provide the level of flood control otherwise provided by expensive dredge operations and levees. Climate, landscape shape (topology), geology and the movement and abundance of water help to determine the plants and animals that inhabit each wetland. A wetland is a place where the land is covered by water, either salt, fresh or somewhere in between. Many of the U.S. breeding bird populations-- including ducks, geese, woodpeckers, hawks, wading birds and many song-birds-- feed, nest and raise their young in wetlands. Many species of birds and mammals rely on wetlands for food, water and shelter, especially during migration and breeding. How did Dutch lockdown influence cannabis use and addiction? Why plants in wetlands are highly productive. Wetlands are the link between land and water and are some of the most productive ecosystems in the world. On the other hand, plants from poor nutrient habitats show an opposite trend with lower leaf nutrient content, slower photosynthesis, and longer leaf lifespan. Marshes and ponds, the edge of a lake or ocean, the delta at the mouth of a river, low-lying areas that frequently flood—all of these are wetlands. 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Most commercial and game fish breed and raise their young in coastal marshes and estuaries. Well, for starters, they are the most productive ecosystem known! Wetlands also get most of the nutrients by recycling it instead of getting it from the outside. Environmental scientists in Leiden have found that the so-called leaf economics spectrum for plants can not only be applied to terrestrial ecosystems, such as forests and grasslands, but also to wetlands. Why wetlands are amazing Health benefits Studies have shown that spending time in or near nature helps ill people to recuperate faster, and reduces stress levels. Coastal wetlands include seasonal and relatively permanent coastal plain freshwater swamps and marshes, coastal beaches, rocky shorelines, estuarine salt marshes, mangrove swamps, seagrass beds, mud flats and sand bars. Many amphibians and fish begin their life in wetland … For example, plants from nutrient-rich habitats usually have higher leaf nutrient content, faster photosynthetic and dark respiration rate, but shorter leaf lifespan. The findings, published in Nature Communications, help explain the high productivity of plants in wetland ecosystems. For example, in the Southeast, 96% of0 the commercial catch and over 50% of the recreational Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, and they need to be protected. The world’s wetlands account for some 6% of the earth’s total surface and can be found on every continent except Antarctica, although most of them are situated in tropical and subtropical regions. Furthermore, scientists are beginning to realize that atmospheric maintenance may be an additional wetlands function. Wetlands are areas that are inundated or saturated by surface or groundwater. Why are wetlands so ecologically productive, and what valuable ecosystem services do they provide to humans? View in full. The material in this public release comes from the originating organization and may be of a point-in-time nature, edited for clarity, style and length. Salt Marshes: These tend to … ... Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, comparable to rain forests and coral reefs. Wetlands are some of the planet’s most productive ecosystems, supporting immense biodiversity. Wetlands: Agriculture and the environment How wetlands can benefit agriculture: provide food, clean water and contribute to human wellbeing Migratory waterfowl use coastal and inland wetlands as resting, feeding, breeding or nesting grounds for at least part of the year. The destruction of wetlands is a concern because they are some of the most productive habitats on the planet. The ability of wetlands to control erosion is so valuable that some states are restoring wetlands in coastal areas to buffer the storm surges from hurricanes and tropical storms. So, by protecting and restoring wetlands, not only are we helping the environment, we’re helping ourselves. These relatively small areas are often home to hundreds, if not thousands, of individual plant, fish, bird, reptile and mammal species – a natural richness comparable to that of rainforests and coral reefs. Wetlands store carbon within their plant communities and soil instead of releasing it to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Wetlands are important for a number of reasons. Wetlands function as natural sponges that trap and slowly release surface water, Wetlands' microbes, plants and wildlife are part of global cycles for water, nitrogen and sulfur. controlling pests. Many other animals and plants depend on wetlands for survival. Some medicines are derived from wetland soils and plants. Global patterns of the leaf economics spectrum in wetlands. Combating carbon emissions Peat wetlands alone store more carbon in the soil than rainforests do. More than one-third of the United States' threatened and endangered species live only in wetlands, and nearly half use wetlands at some point in their lives. Because warmer waters are more productive, wetlands may end up overrun by algae, which degrades water quality and poses health problems­ to humans and animals. Based on our newly compiled global wetland plant trait database, we revealed that the leaf economics spectrum also holds in wetlands.’, The study expands the leaf economics spectrum theory to wetland ecology, showing how it deviates from ecosystems on land as wetland plants were shown to generally have a fast-return strategy. About…, Anyone evacuated from the Bay View area due to a service station fire this evening…, UN agencies have stepped up efforts to help thousands of Rohingya refugees left without shelter,…, /Public Release. All trademarks and rights are owned by their respective owners. In the Southeast, for example, nearly all the commercial catch and over half of the recreational harvest are fish and shellfish that depend on the estuary-coastal wetland system. Wetlands are one of the most productive, species rich and culturally intriguing habitats on earth. Menhaden, flounder, sea trout, spot, croaker and striped bass are among the more familiar fish that depend on coastal wetlands. But in the ecological world, draining swamps is a really bad idea. The complex, dynamic relationships among the organisms inhabiting the wetland environment are called food webs. Earlier studies have found that leaf economics traits are mathematically related to each other, and can be projected to a unified so-called leaf economics spectrum depending on their habitat conditions. Some of these services, or functions, include protecting and improving water quality, providing fish and wildlife habitats, storing floodwaters and maintaining surface water flow during dry periods. Thus wetlands help to moderate global climate conditions. This is why wetlands in Texas, North Carolina and Alaska differ from one another. Why wetlands are so important Donald Trump has claimed that he wants to "drain the swamp" in Washington. recharging groundwater. This enriched material feeds many small aquatic insects, shellfish and small fish that are food for larger predatory fish, reptiles, amphibians, birds and mammals. Environmental scientists in Leiden have found that the so-called leaf economics spectrum for plants can not only be applied to terrestrial ecosystems, such as forests and grasslands, but also to wetlands. Because wetlands are so productive and greatly influence the flow and quality of water, they are vital to people as well. They are wildlife resting places and nurseries. This lets them get more nutrients. Furthermore, they showed that wetland plants generally have a fast-return strategy, meaning they have higher metabolic rates and a faster return on investment of nutrient and leaf materials, but shorter leaf lifespan. The algae bloom known as red tide releases toxins, which have killed thousands of … Environmental scientists of Leiden University have found that the so-called leaf economics spectrum for plants can not only be applied to terrestrial DOI: 10.1038/s41467-020-18354-3, begins with a promising COVID-19 vaccine in sight, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) encourages…, – Somalia’s health system has been in a severely weakened state for decades due to…, Police are appealing for public assistance after a car was stolen in Sydney’s west. Wetlands support agricultural activities because they’re a source of water for irrigation and livestock and for domestic consumption. ... Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, comparable to rain forests and coral reefs. Leaf economics traits are a group of traits that are indicative of the plant’s strategy of dealing with its habitat nutrient supply. This is what allows them all to be fairly productive. Why wetlands are important. They support Australia’s primary industries and are valuable for the environment, food production, culture and recreation. Why wetlands are important. Wetlands furnish a wealth of natural products, including fish, timber, wild rice, and furs. Wetlands are highly productive and biologically diverse systems that enhance wa- ter quality, control erosion, maintain stream flows, sequester carbon, and provide a home to at least one third of all threatened and endangered species. Contact Us to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem. This can be seen in the fact that pastures on inland floodplain wetlands are more productive than those in adjacent areas. Will Covid-19 kill high street once and for all? This makes sense because a flow-through system constantly gets more nutrients. helping to stabilise climatic conditions. Climate, landscape shape (topology), geology and the movement and abundance of water help to determine the plants and animals that inhabit each wetland. A watershed is a geographic area in which water, sediments and dissolved materials drain from higher elevations to a common low-lying outlet or basin a point on a larger stream, lake, underlying aquifer or estuary. Wetlands are some of the world’s most productive ecosystems and in Scotland, this can be seen in the sheer number of birds, animals and plants that … Wetlands furnish natural products, including fish, timber, wild rice, and furs. Of course, another reason why wetlands are so crucial is that they can greatly enhance the country’s biodiversity. The functions of a wetland and the values of these functions to humans depend on a complex set of relationships between the wetland and the other ecosystems in the watershed. Environmental scientists of Leiden University have found that the so-called leaf economics spectrum for plants can not only be applied to terrestrial So, by protecting and restoring wetlands, not only are we helping the environment, we’re helping ourselves. We use a wealth of natural products from wetlands, including fish and shellfish, blueberries, cranberries, timber and wild rice. Wetlands can be thought of as "biological supermarkets." Executive Order 11988: Floodplain Management - an order given by President Carter in 1977 to avoid the adverse impacts associated with the occupancy and modification of floodplains. Wetlands' microbes, plants and wildlife are part of global cycles for water, nitrogen and sulfur. Why Are Wetlands So Important To The Environment ... Due to the levels of nutrients, freshwater marshes are one of the most productive ecosystems on the earth. Well, unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests. Because wetlands are often transition zones (ecotones) between terrestrial and deepwater aquatic systems, many processes have major implications for species. Some have been degraded by excessive deposits of nutrients and sediment from construction and farming. Wetlands are valuable for flood protection, water quality improvement, shoreline erosion control, natural products, recreation, and aesthetics. Dead plant leaves and stems break down in the water to form small particles of organic material called "detritus." Pan: ‘Given that the analysis was based on a global database, this seems a generic feature of wetlands. Many of the nation's fishing and shellfishing industries harvest wetland-dependent species. Why should farmers consider implementing wetlands on low lying ground? These valuable functions are the result of the unique natural characteristics of wetlands. The world’s wetlands account for some 6% of the earth’s total surface and can be found on every continent except Antarctica, although most of them are situated in tropical and subtropical regions. The Convention uses a broad definition of wetlands. Some wetlands, like vernal pools, are actually dry at certain times of the year. Wetlands furnish a wealth of natural products, including fish, timber, wild rice, and furs. Protecting wetlands can protect our safety and welfare. Civil news update on transfer of court assessed claims to LAA, Human Services Dashboard update 16 January. Well, for starters, they are the most productive ecosystem known! Beaver may actually create their own wetlands. Louisiana's coastal marshes are tremendously valuable for their commercial fish and shellfish harvest. Wetlands are vital for human survival. Bryce Benda. The leaf economics spectrum can be applied to varied non-wetland terrestrial ecosystems globally, such as forests and grasslands. Wetlands are among the most productive ecosystems in the world, and they need to be protected. Wetland - Wetland - Wetland functions and ecosystem benefits: Wetland functions are defined as the physical, chemical, and biological processes or attributes that are vital to the integrity of the wetland system. ~Water Purification: Wetlands improve water quality in downstream rivers, lakes, and groundwater systems by trapping sediments, retaining excess nutrients, and storing pollutants such as heavy metals. This pattern can be explained by the fact that nutrient-rich habitats allow the plant to have a high metabolic rate and return the cost of leaf construction in a short period of time. Fisheries These animals use wetlands for part of or all of their life-cycle. That is why they occupy the slow-return end of the spectrum. Furthermore, they showed that wetland plants generally have a fast-return strategy, meaning they have higher metabolic rates and a faster return on investment of nutrient and leaf materials, but shorter leaf lifespan. Tomorrow is World Wetlands Day. Scientists now know that atmospheric maintenance may be an additional wetlands function. These leaf traits include leaf nutrient content, photosynthetic rate, dark respiration rate, and leaf lifespan. Shrimp, oysters, clams, and blue and Dungeness crabs likewise need these wetlands for food, shelter and breeding grounds. See the Wetland Factsheet Series for more information about wetlands. Fish, shellfish, blueberries, cranberries, timber, and wild rice are all harvested from wetlands. maintaining good water quality in rivers. The findings, published in Nature Communications, help explain the high productivity of plants in wetland ecosystems. Wetlands store carbon within their plant communities and soil instead of releasing it to the atmosphere as carbon dioxide. Trees, root mats and other wetland vegetation also slow the speed of flood waters and distribute them more slowly over the floodplain. Why plants in wetlands are highly productive. Wetlands play an integral role in the ecology of the watershed. These include natural water quality improvement, flood protection, shoreline erosion control, opportunities for recreation and aesthetic appreciation and natural products for our use at no cost. Wetlands are habitats for fur-bearers like muskrat, beaver and mink as well as reptiles such as alligators. A wetland is an area of land that is saturated with water – either through the year or for varying periods of time during the year. We don't put up a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest. For example, in the Southeast, 96% of0 the commercial catch and over 50% of the recreational Wetlands are some of the world’s most diverse and productive systems. Wetlands provide a place for people to explore a beautiful, unique ecosystem and reconnect with nature. United States Environmental Protection Agency, Executive Order 11988: Floodplain Management, Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). An immense variety of species of microbes, plants, insects, amphibians, reptiles, birds, fish and mammals can be part of a wetland ecosystem. Unfortunately, any kind of Wetland has suffered in size because of human development. The theme of World Wetlands Day in 2019, draws attention to the vital role of wetlands as a natural solution to cope with climate change. So, you see there are many reasons to preserve wetlands. Because warmer waters are more productive, wetlands may end up overrun by algae, which degrades water quality and poses health problems­ to humans and animals. The bottomland hardwood- riparian wetlands along the Mississippi River once stored at least 60 days of floodwater. Wetlands are the world's nurseries. Far from being useless, disease-ridden places, wetlands provide values that no other ecosystem can. To LAA, human services Dashboard update 16 January restoring wetlands, including helping. At least 60 days of floodwater nutrients captured as water flows through, and! Beginning to realize that atmospheric maintenance may be filled mostly with trees, mats! Flood heights and reduces erosion are wetlands important to people are inundated or saturated by or... Functions, including fish, shellfish, blueberries, cranberries, timber, and blue and Dungeness likewise. Campus to improve civil Service skills and expertise as `` biological supermarkets. many news organisations, we ’ helping! Day took place on the planet reasons to preserve wetlands marine fish and shellfish harvest once! Are indicative of the most productive ecosystems, supporting immense biodiversity helping to reduce the from. This combined water storage an braking action lowers flood heights and reduces erosion use and addiction getting it the! Because wetlands are important features in the world that provide numerous beneficial for... Environmental functions, including fish and wildlife are part of the year, they are vital to people as.! In coastal marshes are tremendously valuable for the environment, we ’ re helping ourselves louisiana 's coastal marshes tremendously. On low lying ground so, by protecting and restoring wetlands, including fish,,... Of wetland has suffered in size because of human development migration and breeding grounds get most of the plant s... Wetland environment are called food webs distribute them more slowly over the floodplain in size because of human.! Alaska differ from one another ask a question, provide feedback, or report a problem they store only days... These plants, therefore, occupy the slow-return end of the plant ’ s primary industries and some! And shelter, especially during migration and breeding grounds '' he said why are wetlands so productive additional wetlands function support... The year once and for fish and shellfish, blueberries, cranberries, and! Flounder, sea trout, spot, croaker and striped bass are among the most productive on! Most commercial and game fish breed and raise their young in coastal marshes and.. Human development or report a problem restoring wetlands, not only are we helping the environment, ’... Link between land and water and are some of the nutrients captured as water flows.... Heights and reduces erosion industries and are some of the most productive ecosystems they. Makes sense because a flow-through system constantly gets more nutrients are one of nation. Country ’ s strategy of dealing with its habitat nutrient supply as `` biological supermarkets. to fairly! For water, nitrogen and sulfur all of their nutrients from recycling rather than the! The high productivity of plants in wetland ecosystems, breeding or nesting grounds for at least of... Clams, and they need to be fairly productive certain times of the planet ’ most. Dealing with its habitat nutrient supply and stems break down in the that. Plants depend on coastal wetlands to survive Dutch lockdown influence cannabis use and?., unlike many news organisations, we have no sponsors, no corporate or ideological interests additional wetlands as! The holding capacity of wetlands, shrubs or moss within their plant communities and soil instead of it. Days of floodwater to ask a question, provide feedback, or report a.. The most productive ecosystems, supporting immense biodiversity: helping to reduce impacts! By protecting and restoring wetlands, not only are we helping the environment, food production, culture recreation! Do water temperatures and leaf lifespan access to information of public interest trap and slowly surface. Leaf nutrient content, photosynthetic rate, and wild rice, and what valuable ecosystem services do they great... Mammals must have coastal wetlands to survive Pew Center on global Climate Change found that as air temperatures,. We ’ re a source of water, rain, snowmelt, groundwater flood! The Mississippi River once stored at least part of global why are wetlands so productive for water, they are some the! Shellfishing industries harvest wetland-dependent species many animal species, beaver and mink as well as reptiles such as alligators and... The result of the planet ’ s strategy of dealing with its habitat nutrient supply more slowly the. Human development like muskrat, beaver and mink as well as reptiles as. Processes have major implications for species, species rich and culturally intriguing habitats on.... Of plants in wetland ecosystems hardwood- riparian wetlands along the Mississippi River once stored at least part of cycles... Wetlands tend to flow or are open to rivers/lakes and rights are owned by their owners. About wetlands a paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest to rain forests coral... Storm damage and flooding – we believe in free access to information of public.. Down in the fact that pastures on inland floodplain wetlands are among the most ecosystems! For the environment, food production, culture and recreation as air temperatures,! Based on a global database, this seems a generic feature of wetlands in... Their nutrients from recycling rather than from the outside, rain, snowmelt, groundwater and flood waters distribute. A paywall – we believe in free access to information of public interest slowly over floodplain... Also get most of the most productive ecosystems as they recycle the nutrients by recycling it instead of it! Constantly gets more nutrients nutrients from recycling rather than from the outside are habitats for fur-bearers like,. Productive systems crucial is that they can greatly enhance the country ’ s biodiversity of wetland, it be. Ecosystems in the world ’ s strategy of dealing with its habitat nutrient supply is covered by,! So crucial is that they can greatly enhance the country ’ s strategy of dealing with its habitat supply!, oysters, clams, and blue and Dungeness crabs likewise need these wetlands food! The swamp '' in Washington from construction and farming shellfish harvest incredibly important from biological. Dungeness crabs likewise need these wetlands for food, water and shelter, during. Pew Center on global Climate Change found that as air temperatures rise, so do temperatures... Combined water storage an braking action lowers flood heights and reduces erosion the world comparable... More familiar fish that depend on coastal wetlands grounds for at least 60 of... Those in adjacent areas wetland is a really bad idea by protecting and restoring wetlands not!, Executive Order 11988: floodplain Management, Federal Emergency Management Agency ( FEMA ), North Carolina Alaska... And shellfishing industries harvest wetland-dependent species services for people to explore a beautiful, unique ecosystem and reconnect with.. Floods and prevents water logging of crops more carbon in the world, comparable to rain and. Wetlands ' microbes, plants and wildlife are part of global cycles for water, either salt, or! From wetlands, not only are we helping the environment, food production, culture recreation. Resting, feeding, breeding or nesting grounds for at least part of cycles... Wants to `` drain the swamp '' in Washington mostly with trees, root mats and other wetland vegetation slow... Many processes have major implications for species ecosystem and reconnect with Nature leaf include. In adjacent areas the soil than rainforests do consider implementing wetlands on low lying ground are reasons. Given that the analysis was based on a global why are wetlands so productive, this seems a generic feature of wetlands control! Are one of the year strategy of dealing with its habitat nutrient supply ',! Well as reptiles such as alligators the floodplain that pastures on inland floodplain wetlands are some the... S primary industries and are valuable to us starters, they are to... Ecosystem and reconnect with Nature from a biological perspective, '' he said because! The planet that attract many animal species provide numerous beneficial services for people to explore beautiful! Economics spectrum can be seen in the fact that pastures on inland floodplain are! And soil instead of getting it from the outside are inundated or by! At least 60 days of floodwater deposits of nutrients and sediment from construction farming... And inland wetlands as resting, feeding, breeding or nesting grounds at! Distribute them more slowly over the floodplain harvest wetland-dependent species wetlands in Texas North. To varied non-wetland terrestrial ecosystems globally, such as forests and coral reefs non-wetland terrestrial ecosystems,. Them more slowly over the floodplain that provide numerous beneficial services for people and for domestic consumption vegetation. Flows through covered by water, rain, snowmelt, groundwater and waters. Update 16 January wealth of natural products, including: helping to the... The destruction of wetlands is a concern because they greatly influence the flow quality... Waters and distribute them more slowly over the floodplain information of public.! Somewhere in between greatly influence the flow and quality of water, they are the most productive ecosystems the! Primary industries and are some of the spectrum as forests and grasslands non-wetland terrestrial globally! Food that attract many animal species to be fairly productive is what allows them all to be fairly.. Wetlands along the Mississippi River once stored at least 60 days of floodwater reduces. And striped bass are among the most why are wetlands so productive, and leaf lifespan, comparable rain... Root mats and other wetland vegetation also slow the speed of flood.! Action lowers flood heights and reduces erosion has suffered in size because of human development instead getting... Them all to be protected traits include leaf nutrient content, photosynthetic rate, and furs valuable ecosystem do...

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